Monday, October 27, 2014

Philosophy Wire: Turtles. Eye. Light. Truth.


Philosophy Wire by Spiros Kakos [2014-10-27]: Each summer, leatherback sea turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) migrate thousands of kilometers from their tropical breeding grounds to feed in cooler waters. Yet how the animals know when to begin their long journey back south at the end of the season has mostly remained a mystery. New findings, to be published in an upcoming issue of the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, suggest that leatherback sea turtles may be able to sense seasonal changes in sunlight by means of an unpigmented spot on the crown of their head—known as the pink spot (pictured). Researchers conducted an examination of the anatomical structures beneath the pink spot and found that the layers of bone and cartilage were remarkably thinner than in other areas of the skull. This thin region of the skull allows the passage of light through to an area of the brain, called the pineal gland, that acts as biological clock, regulating night-day cycles and seasonal patterns of behavior. [1] We have the tendency to believe that light comes from somewhere on the "outside". But light comes from the inside. We think and that is why we "see" light. Let us stare the truth in the eye. We will be dazzled by her brightness...

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